Saturday, July 20, 2019

TEXTILE FIBRE CLASSIFICATION CHART AND VARIOUS TYPES OF TEXTILE FIBRES

CLASSIFICATION OF TEXTILE FIBRES:
Textile fibres can be classified in the following main categories:
Natural fibres.
Man-made fibres.
Re-generated fibres.

NATURAL FIBRES:
“textile fibres directly obtained from nature are called natural fibres”. These fibres can not be produced by any type of chemical process. Natural fibres further can be classified into two categories according to their source of generation.
1-animal fibres: wool, silk spider silk, rabbit hairs, camel hairs, goat hairs, yak.
2-vegetable fibres: cotton,linen,jute,hemp,banana,kopok,kenaf,remie,raffia,sisal,coir,etc.

MAN-MADE FIBRES OR SYNTHETIC FIBRES:
“Textile fibres produced by humans through one or more types of chemical process are called man-made or synthetic fibres”. These fibres are produced in laboratories and in industrial manufacturing units. These fibres are produced by the polymerization of a monomer of chemical compounds. Few common examples are polyester,nylon,acrylic,polypropylene,elastane, polyvinyl acetate,polyvinyl alcohol,polyvinyl chloride,polythene,poly urethane etc.

RE-GENERATED FIBRES:

These fibres can neither directly found from nature nor can be produced by using chemicals. “these fibres are re-generated from natural material using some chemical process”. Monomers are obtained by treating natural materials with chemicals. common examples are rayon, bamboo fibres, modal, lyocell etc.

CLASSIFICATION CHART OF TEXTILE FIBRES:



                Please click on the below video link to watch the full article in Hindi:

 

                  

2 comments:

  1. Hi Sir ,
    i have a doubt about the cotton pulp fibers .
    VISCOSE is obtained from the wood pulp .
    its a doubt can u please clear it.
    thank you

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. viscose is a type of rayon fibre. it is regenerated by cotton lints pulp.

      Delete

Featured Post

विभिन्न प्रकार के कॉम्पैक्ट स्पिनिंग सिस्टम्स, कॉम्पैक्ट स्पिनिंग के उद्देश्य, लाभ और सीमाएं (Objectives of compact spinning system, different types of compact spinning systems advantages and limitations)

  कॉम्पैक्ट स्पिनिंग  प्रणाली (कॉम्पैक्ट स्पिनिंग सिस्टम): रिंग स्पिनिंग प्रक्रिया में कॉम्पैक्ट स्पिनिंग तकनीक की आवश्यकता क्यों होती है? प...