Saturday, July 20, 2019
TEXTILE FIBRE CLASSIFICATION CHART AND VARIOUS TYPES OF TEXTILE FIBRES
CLASSIFICATION OF TEXTILE FIBRES:
Textile fibres can be classified in the following main categories:
• Natural fibres.
• Man-made fibres.
• Re-generated fibres.
• NATURAL FIBRES:
“textile fibres directly obtained from nature are called natural fibres”. These fibres can not be produced by any type of chemical process. Natural fibres further can be classified into two categories according to their source of generation.
1-animal fibres: wool, silk spider silk, rabbit hairs, camel hairs, goat hairs, yak.
2-vegetable fibres: cotton,linen,jute,hemp,banana,kopok,kenaf,remie,raffia,sisal,coir,etc.
• MAN-MADE FIBRES OR SYNTHETIC FIBRES:
“Textile fibres produced by humans through one or more types of chemical process are called man-made or synthetic fibres”. These fibres are produced in laboratories and in industrial manufacturing units. These fibres are produced by the polymerization of a monomer of chemical compounds. Few common examples are polyester,nylon,acrylic,polypropylene,elastane, polyvinyl acetate,polyvinyl alcohol,polyvinyl chloride,polythene,poly urethane etc.
• RE-GENERATED FIBRES:
These fibres can neither directly found from nature nor can be produced by using chemicals. “these fibres are re-generated from natural material using some chemical process”. Monomers are obtained by treating natural materials with chemicals. common examples are rayon, bamboo fibres, modal, lyocell etc.
CLASSIFICATION CHART OF TEXTILE FIBRES: