( Pineapple tree)
These scraped fibres are joined together by knotting one to another fibre. Thus a continuous length of Pina fibre gets obtained. Now these long filaments of Pina fibres get used to make Pina clothes. The pina cloth is woven manually. It is used to make table linens, bags, mats and other clothing items, or anytime that a lightweight, but stiff and sheer fabric is needed.
Although the pineapple plant was introduced to the Philippines by the Spaniards from the Americas, The pineapple silk is considered as the queen of Philippine fabrics. The Pina silk is considered as the fabric of elite class people's choice in the Philippine.
People were aware about use of Pina fibres as textile from old age. It got revived recently in last 20 - 25 years.
The more refined processes include decortications. A motorized machine having scraping blade to remove the pulp in the leaves. The machine helps to separate the fibre from leaves. During the retting process, the pineapple leaves are immersed in water for some time. The bacterias present in water help to soften the plant gums.
These long continuous filaments are wound on the yarn package.
1 - Linuan or fine fibres.
2 -Bastos or coarse fibres.
Red Spanish or native variety of pina is mainly used for hand weaving to make valuable items such as traditional Barong Tagalog, wedding for men, and blouses for women ,handkerchiefs, table linen, mats, fans, gowns and other clothing.
• The Pina fibres have the characteristic to blend with other fibres easily.
• These fibres have very soft feel.
• These fibres have improved texture in comparison of silk fibres
• The fabric made of Pina fibres poses good washability.
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