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NATIVE TYPES OF COTTON:
This type of cotton is grown in Egypt and the surrounding regions of this country. This cotton fibre is light brown in colour. This cotton has a very good lustre (seen). It has a very long fibre length (staple length) and the fineness of this cotton is very good ( low micronaire value). This type of cotton fibre has good fibre strength. Yarn spun from this cotton has good strength, lustre, the lowest level of hairiness. Finest yarn and fabrics can be produced by using this cotton.
Some varieties of Egyptian cotton are given below table. in this table letter G has been used for Giza.
This kind of cotton has silky look. It has a very good lustre. The finest count of yarn can be produced by using Sea Island cotton. Due to its silky look, it can be blended with silk too. Its long-staple fibre makes it suitable to be used in the finest cotton counts yarn. This type of cotton is more expensive than other types of cotton. Fine shirting fabrics are made with this cotton.
The fibres of Pima cotton have extra-long staple length. “Quality of Pima cotton is equivalent to that of the Egyptian cotton”. The strength, softness, durability, and absorbency of the Pima cotton make it one of the most popular and finest cotton for clothing, towels, and sheets etc.
PHY811 RF, PHY 888 RF, PHY 805 RF, PHY 841 RF, PHY 881.
following varieties come under this group
“This kind of cotton is grown in the Indian subcontinent, China and near east”. Since this cotton has coarse and harsh fibres, therefore, it is not suitable for manufacturing fine cotton clothing(garments). “It is used to make cotton blankets, filters, bath mats, curtains table linen, kitchen linen, coarse clothes, padding materials, and home furnishing items etc”
Another commonly used type of cotton is American Upland cotton. It is less expensive and of basic quality, and is also used to make several types of fabrics. The versatility of the cotton makes it usable for manufacturing
Varieties of American upland cotton:
common varieties of upland cotton are:
Different varieties of Indian cotton:
Bursting strength of woven fabric
Bt. Cotton and advantages of bt. cotton
Cotton fibre length evaluation
Evaluation of cotton fibre fineness
Evaluation of cotton fibre maturity
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