**FABRIC COSTING:**

The fabric costing is a very important aspect for any fabric manufacturer, merchandiser, textile exporter and Weaving technician. If a person knows, how to calculate the weaving cost of a fabric? He can finalize the order on the spot. An exporter can make a correct decision during purchase of fabric. A sourcing manager can get competitive price of fabric if he knows the method of fabric costing calculation.

There are following types of expenses occur in fabric manufacturing.

1- yarn cost.

2- Sizing cost.

3- Weaving cost.

**1-Yarn cost:**

We know that the fabric is made of warp and weft. Here the warp and weft weight is calculated separately. Before starting the fabric costing, we should know about fabric parameters. You should read my old blog on FABRIC PARAMETERS AND FABRIC ANALYSIS first to know about all details about fabric. The all fabric parameters are tested precisely in in-house or outside laboratory. Suppose that we receive following fabric parameters which are required to calculate the fabric cost:

1- EPI = 100

2- PPI = 80

3- Warp count = 40 s cotton

4- Weft count = 40 s cotton

5- Fabric width=120 inches

6- Warp crimp = 11 ℅

7- Weft crimp = 4℅

8- Waste percentage= 3℅

9- Warp yarn rate = Rs 250 per kg.

10- Weft yarn rate = Rs. 250 per kg

11 -Sizing cost = Rs. 20 per kg of warp

**Warp weight:**

It is determined by using following formula:

**Weft weight:**

It is calculated by using below formula:

**Sizing cost :**

It is calculated by using following formula:

After finding of warp and weft weight, we can calculate the yarn cost only.

Sizing cost is the next step. Sizing cost has following factors:

1 – chemical cost

2 – power cost

3 – men power cost

4 – depreciation

5 - maintenance cost

Today sizing cost comes around RS. 20 per kg of warp for 40 s Ne yarn. It may be vary according to count. Sizing cost is low for coarse yarn and high for fine yarn.

We can calculate the sizing cost of warp of one meter of fabric by using following formula:

We can calculate the sizing cost of warp of one meter of fabric by using following formula:

**Weaving cost :**

Now we will discuss about weaving cost. Following factors are involved in weaving cost.

1. Power cost

2. Men power cost

3. Maintenance cost

4. Depreciation cost.

These costs are calculated for one meter of the fabric. Today’s weaving cost for this construction comes around Rs. 20 per meter.

When we find weaving cost per meter of fabric , we also calculate weaving cost per pick

What is this weaving cost per pick.

It is the cost incurring for one meter fabric when the picks per inch is 1.

It is calculated as below:

**Weaving cost sheet :**

Now we have found all cost factors. The complete weaving cost sheet is given below :

## Please watch the below video in Hindi about woven fabric costing:

*You may also be interested in the following articles:*

*You may also be interested in the following articles:*

*You may also be interested in the below-sponsored links:*

*You may also be interested in the below-sponsored links:*

Structure and working principle of water-jet loom weft insertion system

Types of rapier weft transfer process, Negative weft transfer and positive weft transfer

Rapier weft insertion system l Types of rapier looms l Weft yarn passage and working principle of rapier weft insertion system

An introduction about shuttleless weaving ( a non conventional weft insertion system)

Parallel picking or parallel weft insertion systems

Structure and working principle of water-jet loom weft insertion system

Structure and working principle of projectile loom weft insertion system

Types of rapier weft transfer process, Negative weft transfer and positive weft transfer

Rapier weft insertion system l Types of rapier looms l Weft yarn passage and working principle of rapier weft insertion system

An introduction about shuttleless weaving ( a non conventional weft insertion system)

Parallel picking or parallel weft insertion systems

Structure and working principle of water-jet loom weft insertion system

Structure and working principle of projectile loom weft insertion system

plz tell in hindi

ReplyDeleteThis is the best way to explain weaving costing thanks sir

ReplyDeleteHow is weaving cost per pick is calculated .can you explain with example

DeleteVery Very Thanks Sir,

ReplyDeleteThis post was very informative. Request you to make a Post on spinning and processing calculations too.

ReplyDeleteThat's easy method thanks sir

ReplyDeleteVery good information sir

ReplyDeletethanks for this information

ReplyDeleteSHOULD WE ADD GST DIFFRENCE

ReplyDeleteEXAMPLE

WE PAID GST ON POLYESTER YARN IS 12%

AND WE CHARGE GST ON POLYESTER FABRIC IS 5%, THAN HOW TO MANAGE GST IN OUR FABRIC COSTING.

this is amazing more information thanks

ReplyDeleteThis comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

ReplyDeleteHow to find epi and ppi

ReplyDeleteRead my blog FABRIC ANALYSIS for EPI and PPI

DeletePls give me cost of 60*60 96*90

ReplyDelete50 inch

Yarn rate for example 500 rupees kg.

This is jocking. If i know every average rate such as yarn cost, sizing cost, weaving cost it’s very easy to find fabric selling cost. We want to know about how to costing sizing cost, weaving cost broadly which factors are involve such as power cost, man power cost, maintenance cost, depreciation cost. If u know about this please share...

ReplyDeleteSearching for Fire Retardant Fabric Manufacturers in India, then reach KKPL. It’s a foremost company that gives fire-resistant fabric available in a very record number of finishes touch. It's accustomed produce various varieties of wearer products. Now, these textile fabrics are available in various designs, patterns, and finishes touch.

ReplyDeleteIf you are searching for good or Best Jacquard Designers in SachinGIDC, Surat.

ReplyDeleteThen contact Artistic Designing Studio. It is pioneer in providing innovative and creative fashion and textile designs.

Artistic Designing Studio offers Rapier Jacquard designing, textile designing, Garment designing and saree designing.

how can I find out the Processing & Finishing Cost?

ReplyDeleteKindly give me the formula

If Both Warp And Weft are of Polyester Like 150/48 Polyester

ReplyDeleteThen How to Find Cost.....

Reply Me Please

What will dyeing and finishing losses and price for woven fabric tell me sir

ReplyDeleteCan anyone please explain the concept behind the constants used?

ReplyDelete"0.59", "100"+weft cremp%, "39.37". What are these values? How were these values arrived? Why are we using them here?

Such a beautiful content, Please keep posting article like this

ReplyDeleteERP Software in Chennai