Sunday, April 28, 2019

WOVEN FABRIC WEAVE OR DESIGN ANALYSIS

WOVEN FABRIC WEAVE OR DESIGN ANALYSIS:
 
The analysis of design or weave of the woven fabric is very important job. It needs very high degree of careness and preciseness. Since we know that the woven fabric consists two series of yarn. The threads running in longitudinal direction is called warp threads or ends. The yarn running in transverse direction is called weft threads or pick. In the woven fabric, the ends and picks intersect to one another at right angle. Before knowing about weave or design analysis, it is very important to know about following terms.

WEAVE:

The order of interlacement of ends and picks in the fabric is called a  weave of the fabric.

DRAFT:

The order of drawing the ends through the eye of Heald wire of Heald shafts and the dent of the reed is called draft.

PEG PLAN:

The order if lifting of the Heald shafts according to weave is called peg plan.

HOW TO ANALYSIS THE WEAVE OF THE FABRIC:

The analysis of the weave of a fabric is very difficult job. If we start weave analysis systematically, it gets easy. Before describing the procedure of weave or design analysis, we will tell you about basic weaves.
Plain weave:  the repeat of plain weave is possible in minimum two ends and two picks. The every end changes the up and down position regularly in the fabric.
Plain weave:  the repeat of plain weave is possible in minimum two ends and two picks. The every end changes the up and down position regularly in the fabric.

Twill weave: the twill weave is possible with minimum three ends and three picks. The diagonal lines appear in this weave.

Satin weave: this weave is possible with minimum 5 ends and 5 picks. The lustre of satin weave is very good.

ANALYSIS OF WEAVE OR DESIGN OF THE FABRIC, DRAFT AND PEG PLAN:

The analysis of the weave of a fabric is very difficult job. If we start weave analysis systematically, it becomes easy. Before describing the procedure of weave or design analysis, we will tell you about basic weaves.
Plain weave:  the repeat of plain weave is possible in minimum two ends and two picks. The every end changes the up and down position regularly in the fabric.

Twill weave: the twill weave is possible with minimum three ends and three picks. The diagonal lines appear in this weave.
Satin weave: this weave is possible with minimum 5 ends and 5 picks. The lustre of satin weave is very good.

The weave analysis of any given swath is carried out in various steps.

In first step of weave analysis, the correct repeat of weave is identified and marked. The number of ends per repeat and number of picks per repeat are find out with the help of counting glass. 

In the second step, the up and down movement of ends and picks are read and are noted on a graph paper. The up and down movement of any one end is noted on a graph paper. Now this end is taken out from fabric swatch. Now the up and down movement of the next end is noted. This process is repeated till the completion of reading of up and down movement of full weave repeat .

In the next step, the draft and peg plan are noted on the graph paper. The systematic way of weave or design analysis is given below:


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