Saturday, July 20, 2019

TEXTILE FIBRE CLASSIFICATION CHART AND VARIOUS TYPES OF TEXTILE FIBRES

CLASSIFICATION OF TEXTILE FIBRES:
Textile fibres can be classified in following main category:
Natural fibres.
Man-made fibres.
Re-generated fibres.

NATURAL FIBRES:
“textile fibres  directly obtained from nature are called natural fibres”. These fibres can not be produced by any type of chemical process. Natural fibres further can be classified in two categories according to its source of generation.
1-animal fibres: wool , silk spider silk,rabbit hairs,camel hairs,goat hairs, yak.
2-vegetable fibres: cotton,linen,jute,hemp,banana,kopok,kenaf,remie,raffia,sisal,coir,etc.

MAN-MADE FIBRES OR SYNTHATIC FIBRES:
“Textile fibres produced by human through one or more types of chemical process are called man-made or synthetic fibres”. These fibres are produced in laboratory and in industrial manufacturing units. These fibres are produce by polymerization of a monomers of chemical compounds. Few common examples are polyester,nylon,acrylic,polypropylene,elastane ,poly vinyl aetate,poly vinyl alcohol,poly vinyl chloride,polythene,poly urethene etc.

RE-GENERATED FIBRES:

These fibres can neither diretly found from nature nor can be produce by using chemical . “these fibres are re-generated from natural material using some chemical process”. Monomers are obtained by treating natural material with chemicals. common examples are rayon, bamboo fibres,modal,lyocell ete.

CLASSIFICATION CHART OF TEXTILE FIBRES:



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