Friday, January 24, 2020

KENAF FIBRE, HISTORY OF KENAF, CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF KENAF FIBRES

KENAF FIBRE:

Kenaf fibre is obtained from stem of kenaf plant. The kenaf fibres are found in the bast (bark) and core (wood) of kenaf stem. It is harvested annually. The maximum height of kenaf plant ranges between 1.5 to 3.5 metres. Two kind of fibres are obtained from kenaf stem. The coarse fibres are gotten from bast fibres. The fine fibres are found in core of stem. The kenaf is a cellulosic fibre.



HISTORY OF KENAF FIBRE:

The kenaf fibre is being grown in the world since long time. The Egyptian people cultivated kenaf  3000 years ago. They also used to eat leaves of kenaf. It was also being used as animal feeding. The bast fibres were used to make bags, cordage etc.

The kenaf crop was introduced into southern Europe in early 1900s. It is mainly grown in India, China, United States of America, Mexico and Senegal .

BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF KENAF FIBRE:

Biological name - Hibiscus cannabinus



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