Wednesday, October 24, 2018

TEXTILE FIBRES CLASSIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION CHART


CLASSIFICATION OF TEXTILE FIBRES:

Textile fibres can be classified in following main categories:

1-  Natural fibres

2-  Man-made fibres.

3-  Re-generated fibres.

1 - NATURAL FIBRES:

Textile fibres  directly obtained from nature are called natural fibres”. These fibres can not be produced by any type of chemical process. Natural fibres further can be classified in two categories according to its source of generation.

A - Animal fibres:

The natural fibres obtained from animals or insects are known as animal fibres. The examples of animal fibres are given below:

Wool , silk, spider silk, rabbit hairs, camel hairs, goat hairs, yak hair.

B - Vegetable fibres:

The natural fibres obtained from plants and trees are called vegetable fibres. The examples of vegetable fibres are given below:

cotton, linen, jute, hemp ,banana, kapok, kenaf, ramie, raffia, sisal, coir etc.

2- MAN-MADE FIBRES OR SYNTHATIC FIBRES:

The textile fibres produced by human through one or more types of chemical process are called man-made or synthetic fibres”.  The different types of chemicals are used to produce these synthetic fibres. These fibres are produced in laboratory and in industrial manufacturing units. These fibres are produce by polymerization of a monomers of chemical compounds. Few common examples are:

 polyester, nylon, acrylic, polypropylene, elastane, poly vinyl acetate, poly vinyl alcohol, poly vinyl chloride, polythene, poly urethane etc.

3 - RE-GENERATED FIBRES:

These fibres can neither be directly found from nature nor can be produce by using chemical . “these fibres are re-generated from natural material using some chemical process”. Monomers are obtained by treating natural material with chemicals. Common examples are:

rayon, bamboo fibres, modal, lyocell ete.

   
CLASSIFICATION CHART OF TEXTILE FIBRES:





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