Friday, June 21, 2019

SATIN AND SATEEN FABRIC, IRREGULAR AND REGULAR SATIN/SATEEN, 5 ENDS SATIN, 8 ENDS SATIN

SATIN AND SATEEN FABRICS:

The satin and sateen fabrics are widely used in garments and as well as home textiles. These are lustrous fabrics. These fabrics show good softness and draping properties. These fabrics are woven with cotton, silk and polyester both. These are not balanced fabrics.  The EPI is always greater than PPI satin fabrics. The yarn quality of warp is always kept superior than weft . The sateen fabric always has more PPI than EPI. Weft quality is kept superior than warp in sateen fabrics. The polyester satin/sateen looks more lustrous than cotton satin/sateen.

Now a question arises, why does satin/sateen fabric looks more lustrous than plain or twill fabrics. The satin/sateen fabric gets lustrous just because of its float length of weave. It has bigger float length than plain or twill fabrics. This big float size helps to reduce broken surface in the fabric.  The reduce broken surface results in the form of increased lustre of the satin/sateen fabric.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SATIN AND SATEEN WEAVE:

Satin and sateen weaves both are basic weaves. The main differences between satin and sateen weaves are given below:
   
   



TYPES OF SATIN AND SATEEN WEAVE

There are two kinds of sateen weave possible.

1 – Irregular sateen

2 – Regular sateen

Irregular sateen is possible in 4 x 4 repeat
The weave,  draft and peg plan is given below:





REGULAR SATIN/SATEEN WEAVE:

The minimum repeat of regular satin/ sateen weave is possible in 5 x5.  There are two kind of repeats are usually woven.  One is 5 ends satin/sateen and another one is 8 end satin/sateen.

Five ends satin/sateen weave:

The five ends satin/sateen is made by using counting numbers 2 and 3. The weaves,  drafts and pen plans of both are given below:

5 ends regular satin/sateen weave by using counting number 2.


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